The history of railway
The steam engine, used as a driving unit, successfully moved a steam locomotive on rails for the first time in 1804. By 1825 a train had a “developed” form. The emergence of railways marked the beginning of the modern world: the age of mass travel, effective cargo transport at considerable distance, and fast distribution of goods and information on a national and international scale.
At the turn on the 18th century when the industrial revolution began its inexorable march forwards, Poland lost its independence. After successive partitions, 82% of the territory of the Republic of Poland was under Russian rule, 11% was occupied by Austria, and 7% by Prussia. Over the following 100 years, when the world’s railway industry was emerging, the division had a significant impact on how it developed in Poland.
Railroads developed intensively in the second half of the 19th century. Designers attempted to outstrip one another presenting new ideas and faster, larger and safer steam locomotives. In addition, they continued work to invent alternative sources of power to steam. In parallel completely new solutions for railway transport appeared. Nowadays, such solutions are referred to as unconventional.